IVF (In Vitro Fertilization)
In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) is a method of assisted reproduction that involves combining an egg with sperm in a laboratory dish of the egg fertilizes and begins cell division,the resulting embryo is transferred into the woman’s uterus where it will hopefully implant in the uterine lining and further develop.
Indication of IVF
Fallopian tube damage or blockage: Fallopian tube damage or blockage makes it difficult for an egg to be fertilized or for an the embryo to travel to the uterus
- Ovulation disorders –If ovulation is infrequent or absent, fewer eggs are available for fertilization
- Premature ovarian failure: Premature ovarian failure is the loss of normal ovarian function before age 40. If your ovaries fail, they don’t produce normal amounts of hormone estrogen or have eggs to release regularly.
- Endometriosis: Endometriosis occurs when the uterine tissue implants and grows outside of the uterus –often affecting the function of the ovaries, uterus and fallopian tubes
- Uterine fibroids: Fibroids are benign tumors in the wall of the uterus and common in women in their 30s and 40s. Fibroids can interfere with implantation of the fertilized egg.
- Previous tubal sterilization or removal: If you’ve had tubal ligation-a type of sterilization in which your fallopian tubes are cut or blocked to permanently prevent.
- Impaired sperm production or function: Below-average sperm concentration, Weak movement of sperm (poor motility), or abnormalities in sperm size and shape can make it difficult for sperm to fertilize an egg. If semen abnormalities are found, your partner might need to see a specialist to determine if there are correctable problems or underlying health concerns.
- Unexplained infertility: Unexplained infertility means no cause of infertility has been found despite evaluation for common causes.
- A genetic disorder: If you or your partner is at risk of passing on a genetic disorder to your child, you may be candidates for preimplantation genetic diagnosis-a procedure that involves IVF. After the eggs are harvested and fertilized, they’re screened for certain genetic problems, although not all genetic problems can be found. Embryos that don’t contain identified problems can be transferred to the uterus.
- Fertility preservation for cancer or other health conditions: If you’re about to start cancer treatment-such as radiation or chemotherapy-that could harm your fertility, IVF for fertility preservation may be an option.
A women’s ability to conceive a child reduces with age. If you are using your own eggs, on average, the younger you are the higher your chances of success.